# Frequent question: How do you calculate real estate operating expenses?

Contents

## What is the formula for operating expenses?

To get an operating expense ratio (OER), add your cost of goods sold (COGS) to your operating expenses. Then, divide by your revenue to get a percentage of revenue that you’re spending on these expenses—an operating expense ratio.

## What are operating expenses for a property?

Operating expenses include all of the costs associated with operating the property. These include property management fees, insurance, utilities, property taxes, repairs, and maintenance.

## What is not an operating expense in real estate?

Key takeaways

Costs excluded from operating expenses include mortgage payments, capital expenses, and depreciation expenses. Other costs to consider when investing in a rental property include appraisal and inspection fees, business and license fees, and closing costs.

## What percentage should operating expenses be?

Expressed as a percentage, the operating expense ratio is your total operating expense (excluding interest), minus depreciation, divided by gross income. The normal operating expense ratio range is typically between 60% to 80%, and the lower it is, the better.

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## How is operating expense margin calculated?

To calculate the operating margin, divide operating income (earnings) by sales (revenues).

## How do you calculate net operating income in real estate?

You can calculate net operating income (NOI) for your real estate investment by using the generally accepted net operating income formula, which is your potential rental income plus any additional property-related income minus vacancy losses minus total operating expenses.

## What are the three types of operating expenses of an income property?

Three Types of Operating Expenses

These would include property taxes and property insurance. Variable expenses depend on occupancy rates. Examples of variable expenses in an apartment building would be maintenance and utility costs, trash removal, janitorial expenses, advertising, and management fees.

## How do you calculate non operating expenses?

After gross income is calculated, operating costs are subtracted to get the company’s operating profit, or earnings before interest and tax (EBIT). After operating profit has been derived, non-operating expenses are subtracted from operating profit to arrive at earnings before taxes (EBT).

## Is a mortgage payment considered an operating expense?

Never include your mortgage payments or taxes in the NOI calculation, those are not considered operating expenses. So all of your yearly operating expenses, such as insurance, property management, utilities bills, etc.

## How do you calculate net operating income on a balance sheet?

How Do We Calculate it?

1. Operating Income = Gross Income – Operating Expenses.
2. Revenue – COGS = Gross Income.
3. Gross Income – Operating Expenses = Operating Income.

## How do you calculate operating expenses on a balance sheet?

The Operating Expense Formula

1. Operating Expense = Salaries & Wages + Rent Expense + Insurance Expense + Repairs & Maintenance Expense + Utilities Expense + Travel Expense + Supplies Expense.
2. Operating Expense = the sum of all operating expenses.
3. Revenue – Cost of Revenue – Operating Expense = Income from Operations.
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